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Ryan1221
09/24/2012, 04:42 PM
I have fluval Osaka 260L. Fluval 406 canister filter, 2 t5 HO light fixture, 70lbs of live rock, and 80lbsof live sand. I run the lights for 8 hours a day.

Livestock includes:
2 true perculas
1 lawnmower blenny
4 electric blue hermit crabs
4 turbos snails
4 Cerith snails
6 scarlet reef hermit crabs

I feed once a day with New Life Spectrum Thera A sinking pellets.

My parameters are:
8.2 PH
0 Ammonia
0 Nitrite
40 Nitrate

How do you I get my nitrates down? I replaced the carbon that the filter came with Chemi Pure Elite.

Need suggestions on what to do as I am new to the hobby.

Help would be greatly appreciated.

bertoni
09/24/2012, 07:02 PM
I'd get a second opinion on the nitrate kit before spending a lot of time or money. They seem to have problems. The kit should measure zero on RO/DI and on freshly-mixed saltwater.

If the level is correct, I suspect the tank is getting more than it can handle. On the other hand, bio-filtration media in the Fluval (if any) often seems to be an issue as well. So how much volume is fed per day, and what is in the Fluval? How long has the tank been running?

grigsy
09/24/2012, 07:14 PM
Where are you getting your water? It may be from your water to begin with. Some ocean water does have nitrates especially if they are pulling it from a bay type area where there can be more polutants.

Other than that, try the Salifert nitrate kits. Those work well for me and are a bit more accurate than other ones out there.

Last - you only feed once a day - but just how much do you feed? Too much, even once a day will up your nitrates.

Ryan1221
09/24/2012, 11:06 PM
Where are you getting your water? It may be from your water to begin with. Some ocean water does have nitrates especially if they are pulling it from a bay type area where there can be more polutants.

Other than that, try the Salifert nitrate kits. Those work well for me and are a bit more accurate than other ones out there.

Last - you only feed once a day - but just how much do you feed? Too much, even once a day will up your nitrates.

I feed the fish a couple pellets each. I use new life spectrum as food. I get my water from a LFS

Ryan1221
09/24/2012, 11:08 PM
I'd get a second opinion on the nitrate kit before spending a lot of time or money. They seem to have problems. The kit should measure zero on RO/DI and on freshly-mixed saltwater.

If the level is correct, I suspect the tank is getting more than it can handle. On the other hand, bio-filtration media in the Fluval (if any) often seems to be an issue as well. So how much volume is fed per day, and what is in the Fluval? How long has the tank been running?

I currently use (from top to bottom):
Chemi pure elite
Fluval water polishing pad
Filter fiber
Fluval bio max
Fluval bio foam

bertoni
09/24/2012, 11:35 PM
Hmm, I'd probably pull all the media except the Chemi-Pure, but gradually. With only three fish in the tank, the bio-media shouldn't be needed. Any sudden changes could cause trouble, though.

The water polishing pad might be fine to use, if it's cleaned thoroughly frequently enough. Such pads tend to become biological media fairly quickly.

Well, I can't guarantee removing the media will fix the problem. Such changes work for some tanks but not others. I'd probably remove the media a bit at a time, over a period of at least 4 weeks or so.

Ryan1221
09/24/2012, 11:37 PM
Hmm, I'd probably pull all the media except the Chemi-Pure, but gradually. With only three fish in the tank, the bio-media shouldn't be needed. Any sudden changes could cause trouble, though.

The water polishing pad might be fine to use, if it's cleaned thoroughly frequently enough. Such pads tend to become biological media fairly quickly.

Well, I can't guarantee removing the media will fix the problem. Such changes work for some tanks but not others. I'd probably remove the media a bit at a time, over a period of at least 4 weeks or so.

What should I do once I take out all the bio media? Should I fill it with filter fiber, leave it empty, or add more chemi pure? What about sea chem de-nitrate or purigen?

tmz
09/24/2012, 11:42 PM
I'd remove the bio max and bio foam in 3 o 4 increments over a few days,probably the filter fiber too( I'd make a point of cleaning that fiber weekly if I didn't remove it);nitrates are produced in the high flow /high oxygen water flowing over and through these media. .
The chemi pure elite is a mix of granulated activated carbon and some granulated ferric oxide ,which is fine. It also contains some dionization resin which is useless but harmless in a salt water application but you pay for it. I run a fluval 404 old style canister on a 65 gallon with only granulated carbon and granulated ferric oxide and nitrates are very reasonable,between 5 to 10ppm.

Ryan1221
09/24/2012, 11:46 PM
I'd remove the bio max and bio foam in 3 o 4 increments over a few days,probably the filter fiber too( I'd make a point of cleaning that fiber weekly if I didn't remove it);nitrates are produced in the high flow /high oxygen water flowing over and through these media. .
The chemi pure elite is a mix of granulated activated carbon and some granulated ferric oxide ,which is fine. It also contains some dionization resin which is useless but harmless in a salt water application but you pay for it. I run a fluval 404 old style canister on a 65 gallon with only granulated carbon and granulated ferric oxide and nitrates are very reasonable,between 5 to 10ppm.

Would you add more carbon? What about sea chem de-nitrate or purigen?

Would a protein skimmer help?

tmz
09/24/2012, 11:55 PM
Purigen is good to use along with the chemi pure or granulated activated carbon. The Denitrate is just another form of porous media ; I wouldn't use it in a canister filter. I used a similar Seachem product( matrix ,the one for denitrification; not the matrix carbon which is a fine product), and nitrates dropped when it was removed.
It's ok to leave some of the canister compartments empty. How much chemipure or granulated carbon and gfo you put in the canister depends on the size of the tank, Generally , 1/2cup of carbon for 50 gallons of water volume changed monthly should do.

brandon429
09/24/2012, 11:55 PM
Did you ever get a comparison test to validate your first results?

tmz
09/25/2012, 12:03 AM
A protein skimmer is a good addition for many reasons.imo and experience. It aerates and removes some organic materials and particulates. I only have an old almost non functional small Red Sea Prism hang on skimmer on my 65 gallon. I actually consider this tank quasi skimmerless. I use large skimmers on the main system.

bertoni
09/25/2012, 12:26 AM
I'd consider adding more carbon and maybe Purigen. :) A skimmer might help, although that's a fairly small number of fish for that much live rock. That's always hard to judge.

Ryan1221
09/25/2012, 01:42 AM
A protein skimmer is a good addition for many reasons.imo and experience. It aerates and removes some organic materials and particulates. I only have an old almost non functional small Red Sea Prism hang on skimmer on my 65 gallon. I actually consider this tank quasi skimmerless. I use large skimmers on the main system.

I am going to get a skimmer as soon as I figure out what I am going to do sump wise.
Is this skimmer good?
tunze doc protein skimmer 9006

I have looked at reef octopus skimmers, but they are to tall for the cabinet. I would only have 3" of room from the top of the skimmer to the top of the cabinet.

Ryan1221
09/25/2012, 01:43 AM
Did you ever get a comparison test to validate your first results?

Not yet I was busy today. I will probably go tomorrow after I drop my sister off from school.

Ryan1221
09/25/2012, 01:47 AM
Purigen is good to use along with the chemi pure or granulated activated carbon. The Denitrate is just another form of porous media ; I wouldn't use it in a canister filter. I used a similar Seachem product( matrix ,the one for denitrification; not the matrix carbon which is a fine product), and nitrates dropped when it was removed.
It's ok to leave some of the canister compartments empty. How much chemipure or granulated carbon and gfo you put in the canister depends on the size of the tank, Generally , 1/2cup of carbon for 50 gallons of water volume changed monthly should do.

I think I will get some of the Purigen. Would you recommend taking out all the bio media out at once? I think I am going to just run the chemi pure elite and the purigen and leave the other 2 compartments empty.

tmz
09/25/2012, 07:45 AM
Would you recommend taking out all the bio media out at once?


See post # 9 You have good amounts of surface area with rock and sand so you might be able to remove them quickly but it's safer to remove them incrementally and to watch for any ammonia spike if removing large amounts. I didn't note any mention of bioballs earlier but they should e removed as well.

bertoni
09/25/2012, 07:55 PM
I agree with doing the removal gradually. An ammonia spike always is a bad thing.

Ryan1221
09/25/2012, 08:59 PM
Alright I will do that.
My lfs is going to check and see how much a custom tank for my cabinet is going to cost. I want to get a sump as soon as possible.

sirreal63
09/26/2012, 08:13 AM
I get my water from a LFS

It would be a good idea to check the TDS of the water you are getting. I have known several LFS's that only run RO and do not run DI and they are sometimes not very diligent in changing out the filters. It may be ok, but I would test it just to know for certain. Test it for Nitrates and Phosphates.

DHyslop
09/26/2012, 08:36 AM
I am going to get a skimmer as soon as I figure out what I am going to do sump wise.
Is this skimmer good?
tunze doc protein skimmer 9006

I have looked at reef octopus skimmers, but they are to tall for the cabinet. I would only have 3" of room from the top of the skimmer to the top of the cabinet.

3" should be plenty of room to get it out. Not enough to run a Swabbie, but that's OK. You might check out the Reef Octopus XP-1000 Super Space Saver.