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View Full Version : Did your skimmer suddenly overflow? Want to avoid premature pump failure? Read here!


slief
04/11/2016, 06:48 PM
Did your skimmer suddenly overflow?? Did your pump fail prematurely? Pump maintenance is extremely important in keeping any skimmer performing at optimum levels. It's also critical in insuring that your skimmer pump doesn't prematurely fail. This goes for any skimmer pump but today we are going to discuss the RD3 because that's what my Supermarin runs with.

First off, the most common reason for skimmers to suddenly overflow is salt creep in the Venturi port on the skimmer nozzle. This can also cause the RD3's controller to display an F8 error. It's a commonly overlooked**part of maintenance. While most of us clean our pumps, many don't think to look in the Venturi air intake ports for salt creep. Salt creep in the venturi port causes an air restriction. The end result is that the pump will push more water into the skimmer resulting in an overflow. Overflows can also be caused by debris or even snail or crab intrusion into the pump. Attached are photos showing salt creep into the Venturi port and also pictures of what a well maintained skimmer pump looks like. This pump is 1.5 years old and just got a quick vinegar bath and good scrub followed by a rinse. Notice that the pump looks like brand new inside and out! I have seen many skimmer pumps both older and newer and they look terrible. I clean my pump every few months and it always looks like new. Yours should too! There is no reason anybody should have a skimmer pump let alone internal pump look like it's never been cleaned let alone fail prematurely due to a lack of maintenance. My go to tools for cleaning my pumps are: Vinegar, a scrub brush, a tooth brush and a skewer to remove any salt and or calcium buildup in the Venturi port. See pictures below. Notice how clean the pump is after a little TLC!

*** Note, if you have a regular Red Dragon (not the RD3 pump) another often overlooked part of pump maintenance is the bearing at the base of the impeller shaft inside the magnet cavity. It's very important that you remove the bearing from the inside of the motor block after you pull the impeller out. Soak the bearing in vinegar and clean it thoroughly. Make sure the little hole that the end of the impeller shaft sits into (when the bearing is seated in the block) is clean as well. A tooth pick can come in handy for this. It is absolutely critical that the bearing be clean so that the impeller shaft can rotate smoothly. This is the #1 cause of premature pump failures on the Red Dragon (Not the RD3) pumps. Once the bearing is cleaned, refer to your instruction manual for how to get the bearing back in. In needs to be seated properly and the o-ring that holds it in place needs to seat into the bearing cavity properly. Also check the end of the impeller shaft to make sure it's clean and smooth as well. If you pull the impeller out of the block and the bearing is stuck to the end of the shaft, you aren't doing your mainenance properly and you may have killed your block as a result. With the bearing stuck to the shaft, the impeller will not spin and the pump will go into protection mode. Any friction between the bearing and the shaft creates excessive loads on the pump motor that can lead to overheating and premature failure so please take care of your pumps!!!


Typical salt creep in the Venturi port and the #1 cause of inadvertent skimmer overflows in any skimmer!
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Skimmer/image_zpsfhadhl5b.jpeg

A closeup of the salt creep!
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Skimmer/image_zpsyrllumul.jpeg

What a nice clean Venturi port should look like.
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Skimmer/image_zpsmdwliron.jpeg

All disassembled after a thorough cleaning. Note the tools I use for cleaning. Scrub brush, tooth brush, skewer. The vinegar was camera shy! :lolspin:
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Skimmer/image_zpswo80rqew.jpeg


All back together. Note how clean this pump looks. You would never know it was 1.5 years old. It looks like new inside and out! Yours should too! :thumbsup:
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Skimmer/image_zpsapsyrthz.jpeg


http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Skimmer/image_zps2ieeagii.jpeg


http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Skimmer/image_zpsohwsihqm.jpeg


http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Skimmer/image_zps1t5ywmen.jpeg

slief
04/11/2016, 07:42 PM
For those of you that own a skimmer with the standard Red Dragon pump such as those on the Mini 160, Mini 180, Double Cone 130, Double Cone 150 as well as older skimmers including but not limited to the Supermarin, Deluxe, Double Cones that don't have the RD3 etc, this is the info and instructions for removing and installing the bearing I mentioned above. Make sure you remove and clean your bearing as part of your routine skimmer pump maintenance! This is critical not only to the performance of your skimmer but also the longevity of your pump. As I mentioned above, this often overlooked detail is the #1 cause of premature failure of your Red Dragon skimmer pump. Your pumps should be dissasembled and cleaned inside and out every few months. If you take the time to do that and clean the bearing too, your Red Dragon will last you many many many years. We have customers with well maintained Red Dragons that are in excess of 10 years old.

While I am not keen on using a needle nose pliers to remove the bearing, a hanger with a slight bend at the tip of a set of forceps will work. Note that it's held in place at the base of the bearing cavity with an o-ring.
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Royal%20Exclusiv/image_zpshdffbckw.jpeg

Again, I am not keen on using a pliers but if you are careful, it can be done. Just don't destroy your bearing in the process. Worse case, we stock them in Florida at RE USA and Germany at our main office.
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Royal%20Exclusiv/image_zps8ld2g4ts.jpeg

A piece of 1/2" PVC pipe can come in handy to seat the bearing back into the bearing cavity. A little bit of silicone grease on the o-ring will make it easier to get it in place as can some saliva. Yep, spit can come in handy! :thumbsup: It's critical that bearing be in there properly and flat so it's not cockeye. Do NOT place the bearing on the end of the shaft and use the shaft to insert the bearing into the block. That won't work and the bearing will not be seated properly.
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Royal%20Exclusiv/image_zpske18jfid.jpeg

slief
04/11/2016, 08:21 PM
Another often overlooked item of mainenance is the air silencer which is also referred to as the resonator in the skimmer manuals. manuals. Inside the air silencer is a foam filter. Over the course of months, the foam filter tends to collect dust. The foam serves as both a filter and a means of making your skimmer one of the quietest skimmers on the market. Below is a picture of the silencer and the foam filter inside of it.

Every several months, it is recommended that you take the silencer apart and remove the foam filter. Give it a good rinse in fresh water. Squeezing it like a sponge and allowing it to soak up water and squeezing it again to expel the water is a great means of cleaning this filter. Repeat the process as necessary until the foam filter is nice and clean. Then let it air dry. While you are at it, clean the silencer housing and inspect the red tube that goes into the silencer. Make sure the tube is clean with no obstructions. Once the foam is air dried, put it back in the silencer and reassemble it. Please refer to the induction manual for your skimmer model for instructions on removing and dissasembly of your silencer as different skimmer models have different assembly instructions. Instruction manuals for each skimmer model can be found at Royalexclusiv.net
http://i390.photobucket.com/albums/oo347/shleif/Tanks/Royal%20Exclusiv/image_zpsepfzy1l5.png

champion6sigma
04/12/2016, 11:00 AM
Excellent write up slief. That things looks like it could be boxed and sold as new now.

And after reading this I bet it's time I did a deep cleaning of my skimmer .

Thanks.



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Socaltoaz
10/22/2016, 10:56 AM
Thank you Scott.

ReefKeeper64
06/08/2017, 09:50 AM
Thanks the posting this sticky. It will come in handy when I do my the first maintenance on my new BK180.