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Old 07/18/2014, 10:11 PM   #376
herring_fish
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Quote:
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there are a ton of ciliates.
Can I buy starter cultures anywhere. Are they easy to grow?


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Old 08/04/2014, 04:19 PM   #377
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Can I buy starter cultures anywhere. Are they easy to grow?
Can't buy them from us... we're pretty much the only source for euplotes free (vector/pathogen free!!!) rotifer cultures.

They are literally everywhere. Grow some algae or rotifers, they'll show up. Will a useful one show-up? Dunno.

Yes, they are easy to grow, but in a co-culture with other stuff is where they grow the best. They grow the best where you don't want them, in other words.


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Old 11/02/2014, 11:04 PM   #378
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Finally finished reading this!! So, even though I'm still in the planning stage of breeding, I have a few ideas that I'm wondering might work.
1) automated feeding: could I position 4 running cultures of larval food (for example: rotifers) at different locations in a rearing tub, and have them drip during the daytime, providing a constant source of food for the larva? Specifically, if I were to take 4 5-gallon jug rotifer cultures, and attach a spigot to each culture, and drip the food in, topping off with rotifer food (live nanno/iso), would the rotifers be able to keep a viable population, while feeding the tank?
2) Adding in live food to the tank: what about adding adult calanoids, whose nauplii are suitable food organisms for the larva? For example: a mix of Parvocalanus crassirostris, Pseudodiaptomus serricauldatus and Tangerine Reef Pods, whose nauplii are 40-100, 65-70, and 100-200 micrometers in size, and with adult sizes of 200-300, 700-850, and 2000-2500 microns respectively (as per fusedjaw.com's table) in the larval tank, with adults feeding on microalgae and nauplii, and the larva/fry feeding on the copepod nauplii and adults as they grow, until they transition to non-live foods, speaking of which:
3) Freezing excess copepods: Freezing excess copepods, and introducing the dead copepods to the larva/fry to help transition them to dead food.
Finally, why tetraselmis and isochrysis for copepods, and nannochloropsis and isochrysis for rotifers?


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Old 11/02/2014, 11:27 PM   #379
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ichthy, rotifers will clog up spigots. you can constant drip phyto, but not zoos.
a dosing pump is the best.


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Old 11/03/2014, 05:59 AM   #380
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What you are describing is essentially continuous culture. It can be done, and done very well. However, it requires a higher level technical infrastructure (read expense) and is tricky to maintain in both adequate feed levels and viability.

As for the choice of algaes. Simple, copepod nauplii don't do well on nano as it's too small. They need the larger algaes such as Tet and Iso, while the rots do well on Iso and very small nano.


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Old 03/12/2015, 12:54 PM   #381
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Right now I culture rotifers with RG Complete but would like to enrich them. Is Selcon the best option? If so, then how long do I need to soak my rotifers in Selcon before giving them to my clown larvae?


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Old 03/12/2015, 02:47 PM   #382
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RGC is a full enrichment, no need to further use an enrichment. If you did, I would suggest algae based. Selcon isn't the best rotifer enrichment IMO.


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Old 03/12/2015, 04:22 PM   #383
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I have been using RotiGreen Omega in the larvae tanks to maintain a rotifer culture for the last 5 days. I have t need to add any rotifers. Is this providing enough nutrition or do I need to add more RG Complete packed rotifers?



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Old 03/12/2015, 05:03 PM   #384
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Oh, thats a great enrichment greenwater, so you're golden there. Just up the amount of times you feed. I'd fed when you get up, when you get home and just before bed. It would be great if you could nail a midday feeding as well.

Someday someone will put a cheaper refrigerated peristaltic pump on the market. I tried for a while, but I cannot get the price point down cheap enough to make it worthwhile to bring to market.


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Old 03/12/2015, 05:33 PM   #385
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That pump would be a great idea!


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Old 03/12/2015, 05:54 PM   #386
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I keep poking a few companies to make one, but no one sees an ROI with it, well, everyone but me


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Old 03/08/2016, 12:11 PM   #387
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Can anyone recommend the best algae paste to use for Tisbe culture?

Caveats: Has to be freezable. Reed says not to freeze their Iso paste.

Thanks!


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Old 02/25/2017, 01:16 PM   #388
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I'm newly culturing Parvocalanus pods and T-Iso. And generally new to culturing microfoods in general. Got a few Qs.
The parvo I'm raising on T-Iso and a small amount of refrigerated PhycoPure Copepod blend. At the moment I'm forced to keep the Parvo culture afloat on Phycopure for a couple more days, until I can get my T-Iso re-established because I crashed it through poor hygiene.

I'm basing my Parvocalanus info off of these sources.
#1. The info sheet from Reed Mariculture
#2. Jim Welsh's thread on parvocalanus culturing
#3. Development of intensive copepod culture technology for Parvocalanus crassirostris : Optimizing adult density Google

My Parvo cultures have a lot of growing to do. They've seemed very thin to the eyeball looking like much less than 1 adult per ml.
I put them under the scope yesterday and counted in 10 mL: 4-5 adults, and about 80 nauplii - I'd probably estimate 1/3 late stage, 2/3 early stage.
So it looks like my current adult density is .5 per mL, but in the next 3 or 4 days it'll go to over 2 adults per mL.

So when to split a culture?

Reproduction grinds to a halt when too dense in # of adults.
Source #3 "Fecundity decreased from 26 eggs per female per day at an adult density of 0.25 per mL to less than 1 egg per female per day when operated at 8 adults per mL."
It shows max egg production from females at less than 1 adult per mL, but greatest egg production per volume at around 2 adults per mL.
So early, when population growth is biggest concern split early maybe before 1 adult/mL and later when space is a concern, split at 2 or 3 adults mL?

Ammonia control?
Source #1 says "Perform 100% water changes weekly," and I'm up past a week on some of my cultures, but I don't have my strainers in yet. Can I just dilute with fresh SW, or add a little ammonia detoxifier from LFS to buy me a few more days until my strainers arrive?


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Old 02/27/2017, 02:54 PM   #389
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Diluting would certainly work as a temporary fix. Good question on the detox though, on it's effect on the life.


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Old 03/01/2017, 06:17 AM   #390
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Thanks for reply.
A couple of things on my parvocalanus cultures.
I diluted by almost half a few days ago, and included a water conditioner/ammonia reducer from off the shelf at the fish shop. All seems well in my 3 parvocalanus cultures. I can't say that the ammonia level would have reached problematic levels otherwise, but a couple of the culture containers had been running 2 weeks with little dilution.
I have chlor-am-x on order now. It's specifically for reducing ammonia in a concentrated culture setting. I plan to use it to allow me to be lazy and do a full strain/water change less often.
I'm still interested in hearing how others handle ammonia in their copepod cultures or larval tanks (larval tanks - big water changes are all I hear about).
Phycopure Copepod Blend. Although marketed as a live refrigerated feed (T-iso and Chaetoceros gracilis) for parvocalanus etc, I was skeptical. most of what I read said that parvo only accept live wiggling algae and T-iso is the easiest/most nutritious.
Phycopure seems to have done the trick in a pinch, despite my shipping goof that had it sit unrefrigerated for a weekend, and forgetting it out of the fridge another night. The pods accepted the food out of the bottle. I can't prove, but my eyes say there's more waste/detritus buildup at the bottom than there was with live t-iso. Which makes sense if there's less of bottled stuff being eaten.
But cultures have also, to the eye, continued to grow over about 5 days of just food from the bottle. I need to do a microscope check to see if nauplii production has continued, but it's nice to know we can feed parvo out of a refrigerated bottle if needed.


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Old 03/04/2017, 08:11 AM   #391
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one of my parvo cultures had a bunch of die-off over two days in a new Food Safe see-through bucket. Anyone else had issues with those buckets when new.
I'm not sure if it was something about the bucket or what else it could be. but there was a not-right smell and debris accumulating at the bottom and upon inspection the debris contained a lot of dead or dying twitching adults, and tons of ciliates.

So I siphoned out the water not on the bottom and ran through a large sieve to keep only the strong swimming adults and moved them to another container with fresh saltwater.


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Old 03/05/2017, 10:44 PM   #392
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Well all plastics should have a good scrubbing to remove the mold-release waxes. The waxes are food safe to us but might be trouble to your pods.


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Old 03/07/2017, 05:56 AM   #393
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Yeah, I don't think I cleaned the buckets well enough. I'm apparently going to kill a heck of a lot of stuff before I figure out this live food thing.

Has anyone tried using the Phycopure Copepod Blend as a starter for a phytoplankton culture? It's T-Iso and chaetoceros (diatom) - both of which are great foods for Parvocalanus. I know if you culture a blend, you aren't going to get a blend, but If either species grew - it'd be a good food for the parvo pods. I'll see what happens.


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Old 03/14/2017, 12:24 PM   #394
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Has anyone tried using the Phycopure Copepod Blend as a starter for a phytoplankton culture? It's T-Iso and chaetoceros (diatom) - both of which are great foods for Parvocalanus. I know if you culture a blend, you aren't going to get a blend, but If either species grew - it'd be a good food for the parvo pods. I'll see what happens.
Update. Started with 1L flask, added ~100mL phycopure copepod blend out of fridge (let it warm first), to look light brown cloudy. After one week...


Not bad.
Under microscope it's unexpectedly still a blend of t-iso and chaetoceros. I'd estimate t-iso outnumbers the diatom cells 3 or 4 to 1.
And I think the original was closer to even split.
Good to have options.


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Old 11/01/2017, 08:00 PM   #395
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Thanks


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